THE PRESIDENT: Eight cards to understand everything in the first round

The game is over and nothing is going right. The first round of the presidential election Held this Sunday, Emmanuel Macron received 27.6% of the vote ahead of Marine Le Pen (23.4%) and Jean-Luc Mன்சlenchon (21.95%). In a poll Marked by a strong vote, the outgoing president opposed better than expected, while the right and left almost disappeared from the map. Here are eight cards summarizing this election.

1. Participation: Good students will stay that way

LThis Sunday was tolerable again In the first round of the presidential election, 25.24% of voters were at the highest level of non-travel. This is higher than in 2017 (22.2%), but we are well below the 28.4% recorded on April 21, 2002. Where were the ballot boxes largely avoided? Overseas in France, first and foremost, more than 50% did not vote, then in Corsica, the practice of this election, and in the Hauts-de-France, Paca and Grand Est (more than 26% did not vote).

In 2017, it was the same first three places, in the same order. Occitania, New Aquitaine and Brittany (as in 2017) voted the best with a 78% turnout. Between epidemics Govit-19 It never ends and War in UkraineThe campaign was difficult to take, and many saw the election as an early end in itself.

Paul Bacot, professor of political science at Po Lyon Science, explains that “it was a little stronger not to vote than everyone imagined.” “Popular categories, young people, low-income people, low-level diplomas are dropping out,” he continues. “The campaign was marred by the crisis in Ukraine and the fact that the campaign could pass peacefully,” explains Christoph Putin, professor of public law and political scientist at the University of Kane-Normandy.

2. A France cut into three

As we can see very clearly, the outgoing president has a real grip on the west of France… and இல்le-de-France on the west. Everywhere except Oxidania, it gets one in four ballots. Back then, Marine Le Pen, the leader in 20,000 municipalities, won voters in much of northern France, the Hauts-de-France, the Grand Est and Burgundy. It is also filling the edge of the Mediterranean.

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Jean-Luc Mன்சlenchon, the most talented in the big cities, received his best marks abroad, in the -le-de-France, Auvergne-Rன்n-Alps and Occitani. No need to search for light blue and pink, PS and Les Républicains have almost disappeared from the map.

3. Macron performs better than 2017

Then A quick campaign Limited it to a few trips, Emmanuel Macron Ranked first in the first round, Received more than 9% of the vote compared to 2017. It ranks first in almost 12,000 municipalities, compared to 7,000 in 2017. Brittany (32.8%) and Pays de la Loire (32.3%), which topped most municipalities. In the western part of Île-de-France, especially in the Yvelines and Hauts-de-Seine, Emmanuel Macron raises voices.

As of 2017, Emmanuel Macron is collecting votes in large cities (26.9% of areas with a population of more than 100,000), even if he loses in the same cities during local elections. Its score is improving in rural and isolated cities, and it gets one in four ballots in all parts of metropolitan France except Paca and Oxidani. “President Macron is coming out strong from this first round because he has not seen many presidents increase their scores from one election to another,” explains Christoph Putin.

4. RN establishes itself in the North and East

The National Rally candidate is coming first in nearly 20,000 municipalities, compared to 2017 (19,038 localities). Ballot card In support of Marine Le Pen Very little is changing: it is seducing voters in much of northern France, the Hauts-de-France, the Grand Est and Burgundy. In the end, Eric Gemmore was less bothered by Marine Le Pen’s results as he advanced in Corsica, the Mediterranean and especially War.

It is advancing its troops in the center, on the Atlantic coast, and in Brittany, where it has recorded a sharp increase in the number of votes in its favor. If the Marine Le Pen is overtaken in the countryside, it is more difficult in the big cities, where he ranks first only in Calais (39.6%), Dunkirk (30.2% in the north) or Berbignon (27.4% in the Pyrenees-Orientales). )

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5. Gemmore will not be the referee

Restructuring candidate ric Zemmour, the only real novelty on the ballot, recorded 7% of the vote, hunting for land: Marine Le Pen’s ballot. In Pakka, the restructuring candidate! It recorded nearly 12% of the vote, its best regional score behind Corsica (12.8%). “Gemmore never did what he expected,” Paul Pagot notes.

Elsewhere, it is less than 10%. Now qualified, Marine Le Pen can count on Eric Zemmer’s votes in the big cities, where he sometimes opposes him better: for example, in Paris, where far – rightists are generally weaker, Eric Zemmer took 8, 2. % Of votes When Marine Le Pen recorded 5.5% of the vote.

6. Mன்சlenchon, city champion

Despite this third defeat in the presidential election, Jean-Luc Mélenchon has made progress His 2017 performance And toppled many large collections. Coming first in only 3,000 municipalities, he received 31% of the vote in cities with more than 100,000 inhabitants, far ahead of his opponents. Beyond the referendum in overseas regions, இல்le-de-France has the best score, with more than 30% of the vote in the mainland of France, advancing by more than eight points.

The Insoumis candidate has more than 20% of the vote in Occitania, where two major regional cities have voted for the French candidate (37% in Toulouse, 40.7% in Montpellier), Auvergne-Rhône-Apes and Britain. At Brest he was preceded in death by Emmanuel Macron’s heel and ren. In Paca, it won in the hands of Marseille, and to everyone’s surprise in Strasbourg, and the Mulhouse Great East, as well as in the North Lil, it is 40% higher. It was the first in Nantes, and made a breakthrough in Orleans and Tours. And leaves only junk food for Anne Hidalgo.

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7. The LR has cleared the map

Begress vote Not taken anywhere. This emerges from our ballot paper The day after the first round of the presidential election. Traditionally strong in the Grand-East, Sud-East and Center-West, government ownership has simply disappeared from the map. At 4.8% of the total registered vote, it is below 5% in our estimates in rural areas, and even more so in cities with more than 100,000 inhabitants.

At தலைமைle-de-France, where he leads, his score is just 6.2%. In his Yvelines industry, it did not exceed 8%. In Auvergne – Rhône-Alpes, Fran 2017ois Fillon surpassed 20% in 2017, receiving only 5.15% of the vote. In the West, it is only 5.02% in Pays de la Loire in sixth place, where François Fillon is in 2nd place. “We’re 20% to 4 times less than the Franசois Fillon we traded with,” observes Christophe Putin.

8. Green is pale

They won the 2020 municipal elections. The wind blew, vIn the end the Greens slowed down violently First round. With 4.6% of the vote. Yannick Jadot comes first in only 8 municipalities … in Lyon (Rhône), 2020 Municipal Cup, He received only 7.7% of the vote. It works a little better on Bordeaux (Gironde), Under the yoke of greenery : 8.2%

Even at Grenoble (Isère), where EELV has been in charge since 2014, the environmental candidate cannot pass the 9% mark. After all, big cities and their suburbs record its best scores: in Renes (Ille-et-Vine, 10%), Nantes (Lower-Atlantic, 10%), and Angers (Maine-et-Lower). , 8.3%).

Christoph Putin was described as “returning to normalcy”, according to him, “although environmental voters voted all the time, good results in municipal elections did not result in a high turnout.” “Environmental concerns are integrated in all projects”, the expert points out.

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