Environmental advocates decry Canada’s lack of enforcement mechanisms for commitments made at COP15.
The Global Compact to Save Nature, negotiated at COP15, whatever its ambitions, is doomed to failure unless countries agree on real mechanisms for application and revision of the pledges, environmentalists said on Saturday.
It is widely believed that the absence of such mechanisms played a major role in the failure of the previous ten-year agreement adopted in Aichi, Japan in 2010.
“A strong text that commits countries to assess progress against global goals and to scale up action over time is essential for governments to take responsibility,” said Guido Brogoven, senior official at WWF International. Negotiation on this matter.
“Peace with Nature”
Binding implementation mechanisms are at the heart of the Paris Agreement in the fight against global warming. But the current text on biodiversity only urges countries to take into account the global assessment planned for four years. Without commitment to a possible national effort if not occasionally keeping track.
“So what we have on the table is not an incentive to do better. And there is no compliance mechanism under discussion to help organize the necessary dialogue between governments about how to better cooperate,” worries Aleksandar Rankovic, a consultant at the NGO Awas.
Since Tuesday, COP15 has brought together nearly 5,000 delegates from 193 countries in Montreal to try to finalize a “pact with nature” by December 19, offering twenty key objectives to stop the destruction of natural environments by the end of the decade. .
“If the biodiversity targets are the compass, implementation is the real ship to get us there,” said Li Shuo, a consultant at Greenpeace. But “negotiations lack essential elements that would guarantee countries intensify their actions over time: it’s like a bicycle without gears”.
“There has been some progress,” said researcher Nuance Juliet Landry of the IDDRI, adding that for the first time countries have adopted common planning and reporting schedules that allow for evaluation and comparisons between them.
Saturday will be the last day for delegates to work on this important chapter, with their environment ministers coming home for talks on December 15. Under pressure, the policy of an extra session was finally approved the following week.